How to Make a Custom Keyboard: A Step-by-Step Guide

Are you tired of using the same old keyboard that came with your computer? Do you want to add a personal touch to your workspace? Making a custom keyboard is easier than you think. In this article, we will guide you through the process of making your own keyboard from scratch.

Step 1: Gather Your Materials

Before you start building your custom keyboard, you need to gather all the necessary materials. You will need a PCB (printed circuit board), switches, keycaps, a microcontroller, diodes, and a soldering iron. You can find these materials online or at your local electronics store.

Step 2: Choose Your Layout

The layout of your keyboard is important because it determines the placement of the keys. There are several popular layouts to choose from, including the standard ANSI layout and the ergonomic split layout. You can also create your own custom layout if you prefer.

Step 3: Design Your PCB

Once you have chosen your layout, you need to design your PCB. You can use software like KiCad or Eagle to create your design. Make sure to include all the necessary components and connections.

Step 4: Order Your PCB

After designing your PCB, you need to order it from a manufacturer. There are several online PCB manufacturers that can produce high-quality PCBs at an affordable price. Make sure to double-check your design before placing your order.

Step 5: Solder the Components

Once you have received your PCB, it’s time to solder the components onto it. Start by soldering the diodes onto the PCB, followed by the switches and microcontroller. Make sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for soldering each component.

Step 6: Test Your Keyboard

After soldering all the components, it’s time to test your keyboard. Connect it to your computer and make sure all the keys are working properly. If you encounter any issues, double-check your connections and soldering.

Step 7: Choose Your Keycaps

Now that your keyboard is working, it’s time to choose your keycaps. Keycaps come in a variety of colors and materials, including ABS plastic, PBT plastic, and even metal. Choose a set that matches your style and preferences.

Step 8: Install Your Keycaps

Once you have chosen your keycaps, it’s time to install them onto your switches. Simply press each keycap onto its corresponding switch until it clicks into place.

Step 9: Customize Your Keyboard

Now that your keyboard is complete, you can customize it further by adding LEDs, custom key mappings, and even a custom case. There are several online communities dedicated to custom keyboards where you can find inspiration and advice.

Step 10: Enjoy Your Custom Keyboard

Congratulations, you have successfully made your own custom keyboard! Enjoy typing on a keyboard that is uniquely yours. Show it off to your friends and colleagues and inspire them to make their own custom keyboards.


Making a custom keyboard may seem daunting at first, but with the right materials and guidance, it’s a fun and rewarding project. Follow these steps and you’ll have a keyboard that is not only functional but also reflects your personal style. Happy building!

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